英语演讲3.FDR-FirstInauguralAddress

Hoover,Mr.ChiefJustice,myfriends:

Thisisadayofnationalconsecration.AndIamcertainthatonthisdaymyfellowAmericans

expect

thatonmyinduction

intothePresidency,Iwilladdressthemwithacandorandadecisionwhich

thepresentsituationofourpeopleimpels.

Thisispreeminentlythetimetospeakthetruth,thewholetruth,franklyandboldly.Norneed

weshrinkfromhonestlyfacingconditionsinourcountrytoday.ThisgreatNationwillendure,

asithasendured,willreviveandwillprosper.

So,firstofall,letmeassertmyfirmbeliefthat

theonlythingwehavetofearisfearitselfnameless,

unreasoning,unjustifiedterrorwhichparalyzesneededeffortsto

convertretreat

intoadvance.Ineverydarkhourofournationallife,aleadershipoffranknessandofvigor

hasmetwiththatunderstandingandsupportofthepeoplethemselveswhich

isessentialtovictory.AndIamconvincedthatyouwillagain

givethatsupporttoleadershipinthesecriticaldays.

Insuchaspiritonmypartandonyourswefaceourcommondifficulties.Theyconcern,thank

God,onlymaterialthings.

Valueshaveshrunktofantasticlevels.taxeshaverisen.ourability

topayhasfallen.governmentofallkindsisfacedbyseriouscurtailmentofincome.the

meansofexchangearefrozen

inthecurrentsoftrade.thewitheredleavesofindustrial

enterpriselieoneveryside.farmersfindnomarketsfortheirproduce.andthesavingsof

manyyearsinthousandsoffamiliesaregone.Moreimportant,ahostofunemployedcitizens

facethegrimproblemofexistence,andanequallygreat

numbertoilwithlittlereturn.Onlya

foolishoptimistcandenythedarkrealitiesofthemoment.

Andyetourdistresscomesfromnofailureofsubstance.Wearestrickenbynoplagueof

locusts.Comparedwiththeperilswhichourforefathersconquered,becausetheybelievedand

werenotafraid,wehavestill

muchtobethankfulfor.Naturestilloffersherbountyand

humaneffortshavemultipliedit.Plentyisatourdoorstep,butageneroususeofit

languishesintheverysightofthesupply.#p#副标题#e#

Primarily,thisisbecausetherulersoftheexchangeofmankind'sgoodshavefailed,

throughtheirownstubbornnessandtheirown

incompetence,haveadmittedtheirfailure,andhave

abdicated.Practicesoftheunscrupulousmoneychangersstandindictedinthecourtofpublic

opinion,rejectedbytheheartsandmindsofmen.True,

theyhavetried.Buttheireffortshave

beencastinthepatternofanoutworn

tradition.Facedbyfailureofcredit,theyhave

proposedonlythelendingofmoremoney.Strippedofthelureofprofitbywhich

toinduceourpeopletofollowtheirfalseleadership,theyhaveresortedtoexhortations,pleadingtearfully

forrestoredconfidence.Theyonlyknowtherulesofagenerationofselfseekers.

Theyhavenovision,andwhenthereisnovisionthepeopleperish.

Yes,themoneychangershavefledfromtheirhighseatsinthetempleofourcivilization.We

maynowrestorethattempletotheancienttruths.Themeasureofthatrestorationliesinthe

extenttowhichweapplysocialvaluesmorenoblethan

meremonetaryprofit.

Happinessliesnotinthemerepossessionofmoney.itliesinthejoyofachievement,inthe

thrillofcreativeeffort.Thejoy,themoralstimulationofworknolongermustbeforgottenin

themadchaseofevanescent

profits.Thesedarkdays,myfriends,willbeworthalltheycost

usiftheyteachusthatourtruedestinyisnottobeministereduntobutto

ministertoourselves,toourfellowmen.

Recognitionofthatfalsityofmaterialwealthasthestandardofsuccessgoeshandinhand

withtheabandonmentofthefalsebeliefthatpublicofficeandhighpoliticalpositionaretobe

valuedonlybythestandardsofprideofplaceandpersonalprofit.andtheremust

beanendtoaconductinbankingandinbusinesswhichtoooften

hasgiventoasacredtrustthelikenessofcallousandselfishwrongdoing.

Smallwonderthatconfidencelanguishes,forit

thrivesonlyonhonesty,onhonor,onthesacrednessofobligations,onfaithfulprotection,and

onunselfishperformance.without

themitcannotlive.

Restorationcalls,however,notforchangesinethicsalone.

ThisNationisaskingforaction,andactionnow.

Ourgreatestprimarytaskisto

putpeopletowork.Thisisno

unsolvableproblemifwefaceit

wiselyandcourageously.

Itcanbeaccomplishedinpartbydirectrecruitingbythe

Governmentitself,treatingthetaskaswewouldtreat

theemergencyofawar,butatthe

sametime,throughthisemployment,accomplishinggreatgreatly

neededprojectstostimulateandreorganizetheuseofourgreat

naturalresources.#p#副标题#e#

Handinhandwiththatwemustfranklyrecognizetheoverbalanceofpopulation

inourindustrialcentersand,byengagingonanationalscaleinaredistribution,endeavortoprovide

abetteruseofthelandforthosebestfittedfortheland.

Yes,thetaskcanbehelpedbydefiniteeffortstoraisethevaluesofagriculturalproducts,and

withthisthepowertopurchasetheoutputofourcities.Itcanbehelpedbypreventing

realisticallythetragedyofthegrowinglossthroughforeclosureofoursmall

homesandour

farms.Itcanbehelpedbyinsistencethat

theFederal,theState,andthelocalgovernments

actforthwithonthedemandthat

theircostbedrasticallyreduced.Itcanbehelpedbythe

unifyingofreliefactivitieswhichtodayareoftenscattered,

uneconomical,unequal.Itcanbe

helpedbynationalplanningforandsupervision

ofallformsoftransportationandof

communicationsandotherutilitiesthat

haveadefinitelypubliccharacter.Therearemany

waysinwhichitcanbehelped,butitcan

neverbehelpedbymerelytalkingabout

it.

Andfinally,inourprogresstowardsaresumptionofwork,werequiretwo

safeguardsagainstareturnoftheevilsoftheoldorder.Theremustbeastrictsupervisionofallbankingand

creditsandinvestments.Theremustbean

endtospeculationwithotherpeople'smoney.And

theremustbeprovisionforanadequatebutsoundcurrency.

These,myfriends,arethelinesofattack.IshallpresentlyurgeuponanewCongressin

specialsessiondetailedmeasuresfortheirfulfillment,andIshall

seektheimmediateassistanceofthe48States.

Throughthisprogramofactionweaddressourselvestoputtingourownnationalhousein

orderandmakingincomebalanceoutgo.Ourinternationaltraderelations,though

vastlyimportant,areinpointoftime,andnecessity,secondaryto

theestablishmentofasoundnationaleconomy.I

favor,asapracticalpolicy,theputtingoffirst

thingsfirst.Ishallsparenoeffortto

restoreworldtradebyinternationaleconomicreadjustment.buttheemergencyat

homecannotwaitonthataccomplishment.

thatguidesthesespecificmeansofnationalrecoveryisnot

nationallynarrowlynationalistic.Itistheinsistence,asafirst

consideration,upontheinterdependence

ofthevariouselementsinandpartsoftheUnitedStatesofAmericaa

recognitionoftheoldandpermanentlyimportant

manifestationoftheAmericanspiritofthepioneer.Itistheway

torecovery.Itistheimmediateway.It

isthestrongestassurancethatrecoverywillendure.#p#副标题#e#

Inthefieldofworldpolicy,IwoulddedicatethisNation

tothepolicyofthegoodneighbor:the

neighborwhoresolutelyrespectshimselfand,becausehedoesso,respectstherightsof

others.theneighborwhorespectshisobligationsandrespectsthesanctityofhisagreements

inandwithaworldofneighbors.

IfIreadthetemperofourpeoplecorrectly,wenowrealize,aswehaveneverrealizedbefore,

ourinterdependenceoneachother.thatwecannotmerelytake,butwemustgiveaswell.

thatifwearetogo

forward,wemustmoveasatrainedandloyalarmywillingtosacrificefor

thegoodofacommondiscipline,becausewithoutsuchdisciplinenoprogresscanbemade,

noleadershipbecomeseffective.

Weare,Iknow,readyandwillingtosubmitourlivesandourpropertytosuchdiscipline,

becauseitmakespossiblealeadershipwhichaimsat

thelargergood.This,Iproposetooffer,

pledgingthatthelargerpurposeswillbindupon

us,binduponusallasasacredobligation

withaunityofdutyhitherto

evokedonlyintimesofarmedstrife.

Withthispledgetaken,Iassumeunhesitatinglytheleadershipofthisgreatarmyofour

peoplededicatedtoadisciplinedattackuponourcommonproblems.

Actioninthisimage,actiontothisendisfeasibleundertheformofgovernmentwhichwe

haveinheritedfromourancestors.OurConstitutionisso

simple,sopractical

thatitispossiblealwaysto

meetextraordinaryneedsbychangesinemphasisandarrangementwithoutlossof

essentialform.Thatiswhyourconstitutionalsystemhasproveditselfthemostsuperbly

enduringpoliticalmechanismthemodernworld

haseverseen.

Ithasmeteverystressofvastexpansionofterritory,offoreignwars,ofbitterinternalstrife,

ofworldrelations.Anditistobehopedthatthenormalbalanceofexecutiveandlegislative

authoritymaybewhollyequal,whollyadequatetomeet

theunprecedentedtaskbeforeus.

Butitmaybethatan

unprecedenteddemandandneedforundelayedaction

maycallfortemporarydeparturefromthatnormalbalanceofpublicprocedure.

Iampreparedundermyconstitutionaldutyto

recommendthemeasuresthatastricken

nationinthemidstofastrickenworldmayrequire.Thesemeasures,orsuchothermeasures

astheCongressmaybuildoutofitsexperienceandwisdom,Ishallseek,withinmy

constitutionalauthority,tobringtospeedyadoption.

But,intheeventthattheCongressshallfail

totakeoneofthesetwocourses,intheevent

thatthenationalemergencyisstillcritical,Ishall

notevadetheclearcourseofdutythatwillthen

confrontme.IshallasktheCongressfortheoneremaininginstrumenttomeetthecrisis

broadExecutivepowertowageawaragainsttheemergency,asgreatasthepowerthat

wouldbegiventomeifwewereinfactinvadedbyaforeignfoe.

Forthetrustreposedinme,Iwillreturnthecourageandthedevotionthatbefit

thetime.Icandonoless.

liebeforeusinthewarmcourageofnational

unity.withtheclearconsciousnessofseekingoldandpreciousmoral

values.withthecleansatisfaction

thatcomesfromthesternperformanceofdutybyoldandyoungalike.Weaimattheassuranceof

arounded,apermanentnationallife.

Wedonotdistrustthethefutureofessentialdemocracy.ThepeopleoftheUnitedStates

havenotfailed.Intheirneedtheyhaveregisteredamandatethat

theywantdirect,vigorous

action.Theyhaveaskedfordisciplineanddirection

underleadership.Theyhavemademethe

presentinstrumentoftheirwishes.In

thespiritofthegiftItakeit.

thisdedicationofaNation,wehumblyasktheblessingofGod.

MayHeprotecteachandeveryoneofus.

MayHeguidemeinthedaystocome.

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